Treatment for vertigo
Treatment for vertigo and dizziness is always a challenge. The main problem is that modern medicine doesn’t know exactly what causes vertigo and thus it is very complicated to develop a proper treatment. There are several prescription and otc medicines for the treatment of dizziness.
The detailed diagnosis dictates which of the healing options is best for each patient:
- Dizziness associated with migraine usually responds to medications that can prevent migraines.
- Acute vertigo is best healed with nonspecific medications such as dimenhydrinate (Dramamine®) and Meclizine (Bonine®). These drugs are eventually weaned off because they can prevent long-term healing.
- Dizziness that only occurs within the first five minutes after standing is usually due to a drop in blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension). There are pharmaceutical medicines that can be effectively used in this situation, including (Dramamine®) and meclizine (Bonine®). Patients may also wear compression stockings or thigh-high compression stockings, or raise the head of the bed, increase salt intake and increase fluids.
- Intermittent dizziness caused by movement of the head or neck usually responds to a special type of physical therapy called vestibular rehabilitation.
Below are the common treatments for vertigo
Commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of vertigo are:
- Meclizine hydrochloride (Antivert),
- Scopolamine transdermal patch (Transderm-Scop),
- Promethazine hydrochloride (Phenergan),
- Metoclopramide (Reglan),
- Ondansetron (Zofran),
- Diazepam (Valium),
- Lorazepam (Ativan),
- Clonazepam (Klonopin), and
Some over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines may also be recommended by your doctor for vertigo, including
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and
- Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine).
These medications should be taken only as directed and under the supervision of a doctor. Many of these medications can cause drowsiness and should not be taken before driving or working.
What is vertigo?
Vertigo is the sense of the world spinning, rotating, or rocking that is experienced even when a person is holding perfectly still. Some patients use the term vertigo interchangeably with dizziness to describe a variety of symptoms, ranging from balance disorders and difficulty with walking to motion sickness or lightheadedness.
If you have vertigo, you may feel like you’re moving or spinning when you’re not. Or you may feel like your surroundings are in motion when they aren’t.
Many people describe vertigo as feeling dizzy, but it’s different from being light-headed. Simple movements are unusually intense for people with vertigo, and the condition can impact your everyday life.
Your symptoms will probably depend on what’s causing your episodes and the type of vertigo you have.
However, most health care professionals consider vertigo to be a specific complaint that involves the balance centers of the inner ear and the brain. To understand vertigo, it’s helpful to understand the anatomy of the ear. Sound waves travel through the outer ear canal until they reach the eardrum. From there, the sound turns into vibrations, which transmits in the middle ear via three small bones — the incus, the malleus, and the stapes — to the cochlea and finally to the vestibular nerve, which carries the signal to our brain that interprets those nerve impulses as sound.
The inner ear is not involved with hearing. It is composed of three semicircular canals, positioned at right angles to each other that are lined with sensitive nerve cells, which act like a gyroscope for the body. This arrangement of the semicircular canals, in combination with the hair cells within the utricle and saccule and otoliths (tiny structures that trigger the hair cells in response to movement), make up the vestibular system. This system provides instantaneous feedback to the brain, along with vision and proprioception receptors in the body, regarding our position in space.
Many children attempt to create a sense of vertigo by spinning or riding a merry-go-round or rollercoaster. This type of induced vertigo is self-limiting; it lasts for a few moments and then disappears. In comparison, when vertigo occurs spontaneously or as a result of an injury or illness, it may last for many hours or days before resolving.
Types of Vertigo
The two main types of vertigo are:
Peripheral vertigo is caused by a problem in areas of the inner ear or the vestibular nerve, which connects the inner ear and the brain. This is the most common type of vertigo.
Central vertigo happens when there’s a glitch in the brain, particularly in an area of the brain called the cerebellum.
Symptoms of vertigo
Symptoms of vertigo vary from person to person. Your symptoms might be mild or severe, depending on what’s causing the issue.
Common symptoms of vertigo include:
- Feeling like you’re moving or spinning
- Problems focusing the eyes
- Hearing loss in one ear
- Balance problems
- Ringing in the ears
- Nausea or vomiting
Other symptoms of vertigo include:
- Double vision
- Difficulty swallowing
- Facial paralysis
- Eye movement difficulties
- Slurred speech
- Weak limbs
What causes dizziness?
There are several different causes of vertigo. Vertigo can be defined based upon whether the cause is peripheral or central. Central causes of vertigo arise in the brain or spinal cord, while peripheral vertigo is due to a problem within the inner ear.
Below are the common causes of vertigo:
Peripheral causes of vertigo:
The structures in the inner ear may become inflamed spontaneously. Small crystals or stones found normally within the inner ear can become displaced and cause irritation to the small hair cells within the semicircular canals, leading to vertigo. This is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
Infection of the vestibular nerve can cause dizziness or vertigo. This is called vestibular neuronitis, vestibular neuritis, or labyrinthitis.
Fluid buildup within the inner ear or the endolymphatic system causes Ménière’s disease, vertigo that also includes hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in the ear). The cause of this fluid accumulation is unknown.
Acoustic neuromas, tumors of the vestibular nerve, may also present with these three symptoms.
Central causes of vertigo:
- Concussion or traumatic brain injury may be associated with vertigo.
- Strokes may cause vertigo and loss of coordination.
- Multiple sclerosis
- Tumors of the brain and spinal cord
- Some patients with a type of migraine headache called vestibular migraine may develop vertigo as a symptom.
Natural treatment for vertigo
Vertigo treatment became the highest priority in the US and worldwide since the syndrome is spreading very fast and impacts more and more people every year. According to recent studies it has been found that in the United States alone almost 35% of adults of 40 years or more have experienced vertigo or some other form of vestibular dysfunction. Vertigo is more a symptom than a disease or condition. It is like a sensation of movement or a spinning feeling. It is usually caused by some imbalance in the inner ear or sometimes due to problems in the brain.
This is another type of treatment for vertigo. Natural treatment for vertigo has been proven to cause no side effects and it can help reduce the symptoms of vertigo. Below is a list of different commonly used approaches to natural treatment for vertigo
At home remedies for vertigo – effective natural treatment for vertigo
At home remedies for vertigo are natural remedies for dizziness and balance that can help manage the symptoms of vertigo. Below are some different methods of treatment for vertigo at home.
Epley maneuver for vertigo – a well-known exercise-based natural treatment for vertigo.
Epley maneuver for vertigo is also called the “Canalith” repositioning maneuver, the Epley maneuver is the first go-to strategy for many people experiencing vertigo. Research indicates that the Epley maneuver is extremely effective for people with BPPV. You can perform this at home remedy for vertigo by following this simple procedure:
- Start by sitting upright on a flat surface, with a pillow behind you and with your legs outstretched.
- Turn your head 45 degrees to the right.
- With your head still titled, quickly recline with your head on the pillow. Stay in this position for at least 30 seconds.
- Slowly turn your head to the left, a full 90 degrees, without lifting your neck.
- Engage your whole body, turning it to the left so that you are completely on your left side.
- Slowly return to your original position, looking forward and sitting straight up.
You may also have someone assist you with the Epley maneuver by guiding your head according to the steps outlined above. It can be repeated three times in a row, and you may feel dizzy during each movement.
Semont-Toupet maneuver – effective exercise-based natural treatment for vertigo.
This treatment for dizziness is a similar set of movements that you can perform at home to treat vertigo. This maneuver is less well-known, but some studies claim it is just as effective.
The Semont-Toupet maneuver is very similar to the Epley Maneuver, but it requires less neck flexibility.
- Start by sitting upright on a flat surface, with a pillow behind you and with your legs outstretched.
- Lie down, turning to your right, and look to your left side, looking upward.
- Quickly sit up and turn to your left side, keeping your head facing to your left. You will now be looking down toward the ground.
- Slowly return to your original position, looking forward and sitting straight up.
Brandt-Daroff exercise is another natural treatment for vertigo.
This Brandt-Daroff exercise for dizziness is most commonly recommended to do at home because it is simple to do it unsupervised.
You shouldn’t perform the Brandt-Daroff exercise unless you are in a safe place and won’t be driving for a while, because it might provoke increased dizziness for a short period of time.
- Start by sitting on a flat surface, with your legs dangling as they would from a chair.
- Turn your head as far as you can to the left side, then lay your head and torso down on your right side. Your legs should not move. Stay here for at least 30 seconds.
- Sit up and turn your head back to the center position.
- Repeat the exercise on the opposite side by turning your head as far as you can to the right side, then laying down on your left side.
- You can do this exercise in a set of 5 repetitions and repeat it as often as 3 times a day, twice a week.
Yoga and tai chi – exercises for vertigo treatment.
Yoga and tai chi is another treatment for vertigo at home that are known to reduce stress while increasing flexibility and balance. Physical therapy performed in an outpatient setting trains your brain to compensate for the cause of your vertigo, and the exercise you do at home can mimic this effect. Try simple yoga poses, such as Child’s Pose and Corpse Pose, when you’re feeling dizzy. Be cautious about anything that involves sudden bending forward, as that could make your symptoms temporarily feel stronger.
Reducing your sodium intake is a home remedy for dizziness that may help. But the best way to stay hydrated is to simply drink plenty of water. Monitor your water intake and try to account for hot, humid conditions and sweaty situations that might make you lose extra fluids. Plan to drink extra water during times you tend to become dehydrated. You might find that simply being aware of how much water you’re drinking helps decrease vertigo episodes.
Some conditions that cause vertigo, including Meniere’s disease, can be triggered by stress. This home remedy for dizziness can help decrease the episodes of vertigo. Practicing meditation and deep-breathing techniques is a good place to start. Long-term stress isn’t something you can simply breathe through, and often the causes of stress aren’t things that you can cut out of your life. Simply being aware of what is causing you stress might cut down on your vertigo symptoms.
Herbs for vertigo – effective home-based natural treatment for vertigo.
Herbs for vertigo are natural remedies for dizziness and balance that can help reduce the symptoms of vertigo.
Below are herbs for vertigo that has been proven to be effective
Ginkgo biloba is a Chinese herb known for resolving the symptoms of vertigo. It works by managing blood flow to the brain to relieve dizziness and balance issues. A study reported in the International Journal of Otolaryngology finds Ginkgo biloba to be as effective as the medication betahistine in managing vertigo.
- This natural remedy for dizziness and balance can reduce the effects of vertigo better than manual repositionings, such as the Epley maneuver. Ginger root can be steeped in a cup of boiling water for 5 minutes. Honey can help with the bitter taste. Drinking ginger tea twice a day may help with dizziness, nausea, and other vertigo symptoms.
- Almonds are herbs for vertigo that are rich sources of vitamins A, B, and E. Eating a daily handful of almonds can help with vertigo symptoms. How almonds help is unknown, but it is possible the vitamin content can combat the causes of vertigo.
Essential oils – safe and helpful natural treatment for vertigo.
Essential oils are a natural treatment for vertigo, they are affordable options for managing the symptoms of vertigo, including nausea, headaches, and dizziness.
Some of the options available for managing vertigo include peppermint, ginger, lavender, and lemon essential oils.
Essential oils are inhaled through an infuser or diluted in a carrier oil before being applied topically. A person may have to experiment with a variety of oils to find the best one to treat their vertigo symptoms.
Acupuncture – an ancient Chinese natural treatment for vertigo.
Acupressure is another natural remedy for dizziness and balance that applies the same concepts as acupuncture, but it is without the needles. The goal of acupressure is to promote wellness and relaxation. It can help manage vertigo by stimulating pressure points throughout the body.
One common method, called the P6 acupressure method, involves an effective pressure point located in the two tendons between the inner forearm and the wrist.
One of the central concepts of Traditional Chinese Medicine is root and branches. The branches are the visible external signs or symptoms of the problem, and the root is what happens deeper in the organ systems of the body. In cases of vertigo and vertigo, there is a lack of roots and excess of branches.
The pathogens associated with dizziness and vertigo are phlegm, wind, fire, and Qi deficiency. When organs such as the spleen, stomach, kidneys, or heart are weakened, pathogens such as wind, heat, and phlegm may occur. San Jiao, aka the “triple burner”, is another chief concept in TCM; one of its primary functions is to control the movements of fluids in the body so that they do not accumulate and accumulate inappropriately. In dizziness, phlegm and heat develop to the point that they cause Jiao to stagnate and malfunction, pushing the phlegm up the body. The acupuncture practitioner will listen carefully to discover which organ systems are out of balance and work to strengthen these areas. For example, dizziness combined with emotional disturbances such as anger and depression are signs of too much wind or heat in the liver. A weakening of the heart or spleen can follow a long illness or a period of stress and anxiety. Too much phlegm, heat, and moisture in the stomach and spleen can be the result of a poor diet and too much stress.
Acupuncture and herbs for toning these organs, as well as eliminating heat and phlegm, will eliminate the cause of the dizziness. In the meantime, certain acupoints can have a nearly immediate effect to directly relieve discomfort, promoting a natural cure for vertigo.
A study from a hospital in Taiwan used acupuncture to treat vertigo and vertigo. The results convincingly showed an immediate improvement in symptoms.
A study of 60 patients admitted to the emergency department with dizziness for various reasons, including Meniere’s disease and BPPV, showed that acupuncture treatment provides immediate symptom relief and is, therefore, a good alternative to vertigo caused by various causes.
Homeopathy – #1 natural treatment for vertigo.
One of the most effective vertigo treatments in homeopathy. A full individual examination and case analysis is done, including the full medical history of the patient like mental and physical constitution prior to administering homeopathic remedies. A predisposition is also considered for such chronic conditions. Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. Remedy selection is based on the theory of individualization and similarity of symptoms through a holistic approach.
Only in this way is it possible to recover a state of full health, removing all the signs and symptoms that the patient suffers from.
The aim of homeopathy is not just to treat the presented disease, but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. With regard to therapeutic medication, several remedies are available to treat vertigo, which can be selected based on the cause, sensations, and modalities of the complaints. For the individual selection of medicines and treatment, the patient should personally consult with a qualified homeopathic physician.
We have listed out some most common homeopathic remedies for vertigo treatment:
This remedy for vertigo treatment is especially suitable for the elderly and also for those who have overused tobacco or conditions arising from cerebral anemia. Simple movements like turning over in the bed or climbing stairs can aggravate vertigo.
This homeopathic medicine for vertigo treatment also works for the elderly having nervous vertigo.
is a good vertigo remedy when the symptoms begin in the back of the head and spread from there. These symptoms are slightly different from the Conium symptoms. The patient could feel dizzy when gets up or move their head; typical Gelseminum vertigo could often accompany by blurred vision. It gives a patient a general feeling of being drunk.
This is a commonly prescribed homeopathic ingredient for vertigo treatment. Cocculus Indicus is used when an individual feels worse while in a moving vehicle, on a boat, or airplane. That’s why Cocculus Indicus is also used for motion sickness. These symptoms might be accompanied by digestive problems. Even looking at moving scenes makes you feel worse.
For elderly people, Phosphor is another great vertigo treatment. It is usually taken when a patient feels like floating or whirling when getting up in the morning. Typical Phosphorus individual also craves for really cold beverages and food. The patient feels that a dark environment suits them better.
This is a vertigo remedy that is primarily for women. In such cases, vertigo gets worse due to delayed or suppressed menses. It also aggravates if a woman looks up. It can be accompanied by nausea or stomach and digestive problems.
If an individual suffers in crowded places, then Nux is the best individually selected vertigo treatment. This condition could also lead to loss of consciousness or a feeling of being drunk. The patient feels uncomfortable in discos or places where lights bounce around. The vertigo symptoms are usually worsened in the open air, or in the morning, or while smoking.
This vertigo treatment is fitting for the elderly who are victims of chronic congestive vertigo.
When vertigo is accompanied by trembling or debility this vertigo treatment is optimum. It is also especially suitable for vertigo from diseases of the eye or brain.
The above is not a complete and comprehensive guide. There are much more good homeopathic remedies depending on the kind of symptoms you are facing. But please keep in mind that any remedy for vertigo should be taken only after taking professional advice.
Homeopathic treatment for Vertigo in Philadelphia
If you suffer from chronic vertigo or other forms of vestibular diseases, consider Philadelphia Homeopathic Clinic as your next treatment step. Under the supervision of internationally recognized homeopathic doctor Victor Tsan this clinic has extended academic and clinical experience in vertigo treatment.